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Friedrich's father's death, when he was four years old, was distressing, which he often referred to in his later writings. Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheria, which ruined his health permanently. He transferred to the University of Leipzig, where he studied philology, a combination of literature, linguistics and history. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Professor of Philosophy; Director, Center for Ideas and Society, University of California, Riverside. In 1869 the University of Leipzig conferred the doctorate without examination or dissertation on the strength of his published writings, and the University of Basel appointed him extraordinary professor of classical philology. In the last decade of his life, he suffered from insanity and died on August 25, 1900. Both his grandfathers had been ordained into the Lutheran Church. By this time, his friendship with Wagner had deteriorated. Nietzsche est brillant, très brillant, ce qui lui vaut d'être nommé en 1869, à 25 ans, alors qu'il n'a pas fini sa thèse, sur une simple recommandation de Ritsch (professeur de grec), professeur de philologie classique à l'Université de Bâle. His father died in 1849, before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday, and he spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska, his younger sister, Elisabeth, his maternal grandmother, and two aunts. Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900. During the years in Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde (author of Psyche). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Nietzsche prospered under Ritschl’s tutelage in Leipzig. Nietzsche a perdu sa nationalité, puisqu’en 1869, il devient apatride. Friedrich Nietzsche Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early Life. Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumann, the German Romantic composer. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Because his health deteriorated steadily, he resigned his professorial chair on June 14, 1879, and was granted a pension of 3,000 Swiss francs per year for six years. He was strongly influenced by the writings of philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. Nietzsche wrote his first book, The … After a stay in an asylum, Nietzsche was cared for by his mother in Naumburg and his sister in Weimar, Germany. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. Friedrich was the eldest of three children. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Having graduated in 1864, he went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known for his writings on good and evil, the end of religion in modern society and the concept of a "super-man.". Safranski, Nietzsche, Biographie d'une pensée, p.267-268). He died in Weimar on August 25, 1900. Biographie courte de Friedrich Nietzsche - Philosophe allemand, Friedrich Nietzsche est né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Prusse. Biography Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, on the forty-ninth birthday of his namesake, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, in the small German village of Röcken bei Lützen, southwest of Leipzig. When a professorship in classical philology fell vacant in 1869 in Basel, Switzerland, Ritschl recommended Nietzsche with unparalleled praise. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. https://www.biography.com/scholar/friedrich-nietzsche. By 1878 the breach between the two men had become final. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (prononcé [nitʃ] ou [ni:tʃə]) est un philologue, philosophe et poète allemand né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, en Saxe, et mort le 25 août 1900 à Weimar, en Allemagne. Mga kasarigan. Nietzsche de 1844 à 1869 Nietzsche was a star pupil of philology, and his professor recommended him for a university appointment at the University of Basel in 1869. Friedrich Nietzsche, 1887. In 1864 Friedrich Nietzsche went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. Talking much about oneself may be a way of hiding oneself. German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published 'The Communist Manifesto' and 'Das Kapital,' anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism. Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school in Naumburg and then received a classical education at the prestigious Schulpforta school. Cornford wrote in 1912. Young has managed to produce a work of the highest caliber on the slippery terrain of Nietzsche's thought. His non-academic doctrine was widely spread not only in the scientific and philosophical community but also far beyond its limits. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Germany, where his father served as a Lutheran pastor. Il occupera cette chaire de langue et de littérature grecques plus de 10 ans. Literary and Philosophical Work of the 1880s. Claire Fercak 17/02/2013. Nietzsche was a German philosopher who is most famous for his idea of the Übermensch. After graduating in 1864, he attended the University of Bonn for two semesters. The Nietzsche scholar Walter Kaufmann told a story of how, in 1952, just two years after publishing his ground-breaking book, Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist, he visited the Cambridge philosopher CD Broad at Trinity College. Friedrich Nietzsche is a native of Saxony and was born in the German province in the town of Röcken.He was born on 15th October in the year 1844 to a Lutheran pastor, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, who was also a former teacher. During his professorship, he published his first books, The Birth of Tragedy (1872) and Human, All Too Human (1878). Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. Nietzsche's father was a Lutheran minister who died in 1849 from a brain disorder. Max Weber was a 19th-century German sociologist and one of the founders of modern sociology. Il rend de nombreuses visites à Wagner et à sa femme Cosima. Updates? Friedrich Nietzsche was a classical philologist (someone whom studies the foundational schools of knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans, such as literature, law and philosophy) and philosopher whose work was extremely influential to many philosophical and political movements in the Western World and to Western intellectual thought in general. He became the only student ever to publish in Ritschl’s journal, Rheinisches Museum (“Rhenish Museum”). Commenter Ecrire un article. Philosoph. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Friedrich Nietzsche Biographie Biographie d'auteur Culture Écrivains. Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography Simply put, this is an excellent biography of Nietzsche, and a model of what a philosophical biography should be. Nach dem Tod des Vaters zieht die Familie nach Naumburg um. Friedrich Nietzsche: biography -image - Arthur SchopenhauerFriedrich Nietzsche is a German philosopher, thinker, poet and even composer. It was undoubtedly “a work of profound imaginative insight, which left the scholarship of a generation toiling in the rear,” as the British classicist F.M. Friedrich Nietzsche: Human, All-too-Human; Brevity. Nietzsche peut être considéré comme un moraliste avant tout. Élevé dans une famille luthérienne, il grandit dans la ville de Naumburg où sa famille s'installe après la mort de son père. Oktober 1844 im sächsischen Röcken bei Lützen geboren. He began military service in October 1867 in the cavalry company of an artillery regiment, sustained a serious chest injury while mounting a horse in March 1868, and resumed his studies in Leipzig in October 1868 while on extended sick leave from the military. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Wagner appreciated Nietzsche as a brilliant professorial apostle, but Wagner’s increasing exploitation of Christian motifs, as in Parsifal (1882), coupled with his chauvinism and anti-Semitism proved to be more than Nietzsche could bear. Omissions? Author of. Nietzsche est le philosophe de la volonté de puissance, conçue comme création et plénitude vitale, comme affirmation éperdue de la vie. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a … Friedrich Nietzsche biography Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken, Prussia. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His father Carl Ludwig Nietzsche was a Lutheran pastor in Röcken. Il leur lira en 1871 le manuscrit de La naissance de la tragédie. During those early Basel years Nietzsche’s ambivalent friendship with Wagner ripened, and he seized every opportunity to visit Richard and his wife, Cosima. During his time in Leipzig, he began a friendship with the composer Richard Wagner, whose music he greatly admired. During the years at Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde. In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig. Alain LeRoy Locke was a philosopher best known for his writing on and support of the Harlem Renaissance. Ce qui est essentiel, c’est notre monde en tant qu’il est joie et volonté de puissance. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Quant à l’illusion des arrières-mondes, Nietzsche la traque sous toutes ses formes. Friedrich Nietzsche's Biography German philosopher and critic of culture, who influenced a number of the major writers and philosophers of the 20th century Germany and France. Die Umstellung vom Land auf die Stadt bereitete Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Schwierigkeiten. His mother’s name was Franziska Nietzsche (née Oehler). The reason for his insanity is still unknown, although historians have attributed it to causes as varied as syphilis, an inherited brain disease, a tumor and overuse of sedative drugs. Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). One of his most significant works, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, was published in four volumes between 1883 and 1885. Nietzsche began to incorporate philosophy into his lectures at the university after he encountered the works of Arthur Schopenhauer. 1844. 3 vie» que Nietzsche a développée dans La Joute chez Homère, composée peu de temps après La Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche wurde als Sohn des Pfarrers Carl Ludwig Nietzsche und dessen Frau Franziska Nietzsche, geborene Oehler, am 15. His father Ludwig, also a minister, died in 1849, at the age of thirty-six, having sustained head injuries through a fall about a year previously. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken bei Lützen, a small village in Prussia (part of present-day Germany). His attempts to unmask the motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality, and philosophy deeply affected generations of theologians, philosophers, psychologists, poets, novelists, and playwrights. Others were his endorsement of self-perfection through creative drive and a "will to power," and his concept of a "super-man" or "over-man" (Übermensch), an individual who strives to exist beyond conventional categories of good and evil, master and slave. His ideas on individuality, morality and the meaning of existence contributed to the thinking of philosophers Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault; Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud, two of the founding figures of psychiatry; and writers such as Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, Thomas Mann and Hermann Hesse. It received little attention during his lifetime, but its influence since his death has been considerable in the arts as well as philosophy. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran pastor in … Despite efforts to take part in the university’s social life, the two semesters at Bonn were a failure, owing chiefly to acrimonious quarrels between his two leading classics professors, Otto Jahn and Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl. Friedrich Nietzsche, born near Leipzig, Germany, was one of the 19th century's most influential philosophers, and his work continues to influence modern existential and postmodern philosophy. Friedrich Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. During their conversation, Broad mentioned someone by the name of Salter. 15. German midfielder Mesut Özil emerged as one of soccer's rising stars during the 2010 FIFA World Cup and his three years with Spanish club Real Madrid. For much of the following decade, Nietzsche lived in seclusion, moving from Switzerland to France to Italy when he was not staying at his mother's house in Naumburg. Young offers a smooth integration of … He also began to distance himself from classical scholarship, as well as the teachings of Schopenhauer, and to take more interest in the values underlying modern-day civilization. He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Baselin 1869 at the age of 24. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche est un philosophe allemand né le 15 octobre 1844 à Röcken, Prusse et mort le 25 août 1900 à Weimar en Allemagne. Corrections? Hi Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (natawo Oktubre 15, 1844 - namatay Agosto 25, 1900) amo an usa nga manunurat nga alemano ngan pilosopo. Overview (4) Mini Bio (1) Friedrich Nietzsche was raised having five women around him - his mother, grandmother, two aunts and a sister, all living together. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career,culminating in May 1869 when he was called to a chair in classicalphilology at Basel. He thought through the consequences of the triumph of the Enlightenment’s secularism, expressed in his observation that “God is dead,” in a way that determined the agenda for many of Europe’s most-celebrated intellectuals after his death. Nietzsche obtained a leave to serve as a volunteer medical orderly in August 1870, after the outbreak of the Franco-German War. Nietzsche is regarded as a major influence on 20th-century philosophy, theology and art. A speculative rather than exegetical work, it argued that Greek tragedy arose out of the fusion of what he termed Apollonian and Dionysian elements—the former representing measure, restraint, and harmony and the latter representing unbridled passion—and that Socratic rationalism and optimism spelled the death of Greek tragedy. Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883–85) was the first thorough statement of Friedrich Nietzsche’s mature philosophy and the masterpiece of his career. En 1870, il s'engage comme volontaire dans le conflit franco-allemand. In 1850 the family moved to Naumburg on the Saale River, where Nietzsche attended a private preparatory school, the Domgymnasium. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher during the Enlightenment era of the late 18th century. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a Lutheran preacher; he died when Nietzsche was 4 years old. Après avoir renoncé à la carrière de pasteur, Friedrich Nietzsche étudie la philologie et s'intéresse à Arthur Schopenhauer. Thomas Hobbes, an English philosopher in the 17th century, was best known for his book 'Leviathan' (1651) and his political views on society. 1850. "...Julian Young's Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography is marvelous, meticulously researched, artfully written, and genuinely insightful. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. His father died in 1849, andthe family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a householdcomprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister,Elisabeth. Friedrich Nietzsche, (born October 15, 1844, Röcken, Saxony, Prussia [Germany]—died August 25, 1900, Weimar, Thuringian States), German classical scholar, philosopher, and critic of culture, who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless. He wrote 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism' in 1905. Nietzsche’s first book, Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (1872; The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music), marked his emancipation from the trappings of classical scholarship. Nietzsche suffered a collapse in 1889 while living in Turin, Italy. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Less beneficially, certain aspects of Nietzsche's work were used by the Nazi Party of the 1930s – '40s as justification for its activities; this selective and misleading use of his work has somewhat darkened his reputation for later audiences. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. Son père et son grand-père ont enseigné la théologie. Early Life Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche—named for the reigning king of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV, whose birthday was also October 15—was born in a parsonage. At age 24, he was the youngest ever appointed tothat post. Joseph Goebbels served as minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich under Adolf Hitler — a position from which he spread the Nazi message. Although he was an ardent foe of nationalism, anti-Semitism, and power politics, his name was later invoked by fascists to advance the very things he loathed. German mechanical engineer Karl Benz designed and built the first practical automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. Friedrich spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska; his younger sister, Elisabeth; his maternal grandmother; and two aunts. Nietzsche was awarded a doctorate degree and became a professor of classical philology. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Friedrich Nietzsche is the 10th most popular philosopher (up from 11th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Germany (up from 8th in 2019) and the most popular German Philosopher. He also wrote Beyond Good and Evil (published in 1886), The Genealogy of Morals (1887) and Twilight of the Idols (1889). Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing i… His writings on individuality and morality in contemporary civilization influenced many major thinkers and writers of the 20th century. Après avoir renoncé à la carrière de pasteur, Friedrich Nietzsche étudie la … His best-known work is the 'Critique of Pure Reason.'. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Decade of isolation and creativity (1879–89), https://www.britannica.com/biography/Friedrich-Nietzsche, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Friedrich Nietzsche and his philosophy of the Superman, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche, Friedrich Nietzsche - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music. Sa publication en 1872 lui vaudra les réactions hostiles des milieux universitaires mais lu… Friedrich Nietzsche: A Biography - Kindle edition by Cate, Curtis. Biographie : Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche est un philologue, philosophe, poète et musicien allemand. Nietzsche and his younger sister, Elisabeth, were raised by their mother, Franziska. The final 10 sections of the book are a rhapsody about the rebirth of tragedy from the spirit of Wagner’s music. Friedrich Nietzsche, in full Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (German: ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə), was born on 15 October 1844, in a small town called Röcken, located near Leipzig, in the Prussian Province of Saxony. Mga ginbuhat. ... Lou Salomé, Paul Ree et Friedrich Nietzsche en 1882. Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844, in Röcken (near Leipzig),where his father was a Lutheran minister. Suffering from a nervous disorder, he resigned from his post at Basel in 1879. In 1869, Nietzsche took a position as a professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland. Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. The following year Nietzsche was promoted to ordinary professor. Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. The last decade of his life was spent in a state of mental incapacitation. His father, a Lutheran pastor, died when Nietzsche was 5 years old. Nagsurat hiya hin mga basahon nga naghihingyap makapaupay han kalibutan. Oktober: Friedrich Nietzsche wird in Röcken (Preußische Provinz Sachsen) als Sohn eines pietistischen Pfarrers geboren. However, this was also a highly productive period for him as a thinker and writer. German Romantic composer, pianist and conductor Felix Mendelssohn wrote the Overture to a 'Midsummer Night's Dream' and founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music. His paternal grandfather had published books defending Protestantism and had achieved the ecclesiastical position of superintendent; his maternal grandfather was a country parson; his father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was appointed pastor at Röcken by order of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, after whom Friedrich Nietzsche was named. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Friedrich Nietzsche was born on 15 October 1844, in a small town called Röcken, located near Leipzig in the Prussian Province of Saxony. He excelled academically and received an outstanding classical education there. Biographie de Friedrich Nietzsche : Philosophe allemand issu d'une famille de pasteurs. Die Familie zog 1850 nach Naumburg an der Saale. Fils d'un pasteur, Nietzsche, après ses études, est appelé à la chaire de philologie classique de l'université de Bâle. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Friedrich Nietzsche: A Biography. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, writer, and philologist whose work has exerted a profound influence on modern intellectual history. In 1858 he was admitted to Schulpforta, Germany’s leading Protestant boarding school. He returned to Basel in October to resume a heavy teaching load, but as early as 1871 ill health prompted him to seek relief from the stultifying chores of a professor of classical philology; he applied for the vacant chair of philosophy and proposed Rohde as his successor, all to no avail. In these works of the 1880s, Nietzsche developed the central points of his philosophy. It remains a classic in the history of aesthetics to this day. His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was a pastor who died before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday. He became engrossed in philosophy, focusing particularly on the Greek philosophers Aristotle and Plato. One of these was his famous statement that "God is dead," a rejection of Christianity as a meaningful force in contemporary life. It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what other men say in whole books—what other men do not say in whole books. In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig, joining Ritschl, who had accepted an appointment there. Other works included Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, and Ecce Homo. Friedrich Nietzsche: Twilight of the Idols; Candor and Sincerity. Having requested and received a sick leave, Nietzsche in 1877 set up house with his sister and his friend Peter Gast (Johann Heinrich Köselitz), and in 1878 his aphoristic Menschliches, Allzumenschliches (Human, All-Too-Human) appeared. Nietzsche's most popular book, Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883-1885), went ignored at the time of its appearance. In his brilliant but relatively brief career, Friedrich Nietzsche published numerous major works of philosophy, including Twilight of the Idols and Thus Spoke Zarathustra.

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